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字證方言 之 「正」字補拾

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獨醉書生 發表於 2008-5-27 14:47:29 | 顯示全部樓層 |閱讀模式
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><FONT color=#000000><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT size=3><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </SPAN><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;</SPAN></B></FONT></FONT></SPAN><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">最</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">緊</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">要</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">「正」</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">字</SPAN></B><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 18pt"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes"><FONT face="Times New Roman">&nbsp; </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">之﹙補拾﹚</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><FONT color=#000000><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes"><FONT face="Times New Roman">&nbsp; </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">曾詩雲博士</SPAN></B><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">之</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman">論相榷</FONT></FONT></FONT></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: blue; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">胳膊</SPAN><FONT size=3><SPAN style="COLOR: blue; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">:</SPAN><FONT color=#000000><ST1<IMG . images smilies default tongue.gif? border="0" alt="<img src=" smilieid="7" /><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">曾</SPAN></ST1<IMG . images smilies default tongue.gif? border="0" alt="<img src=" smilieid="7" /><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體">博士 讀此音為﹙各膊﹚。查 胳 字讀﹙各﹚音時,只釋義為腋下。《說文》腋下也。與膊位置不同。《廣韻》胳腋也。《博雅》胳謂之腋。<SPAN lang=EN-US><IMG alt="<img" src="http://www.xwebest.com/discuz/images/smilies/default/shocked.gif" border=0 smilieid="6"> <IMG alt=:o src="http://www.xwebest.com/discuz/images/smilies/default/shocked.gif" border=0 smilieid="6"></SPAN></SPAN></FONT></FONT></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US><?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" /><o:p><FONT face="Times New Roman" color=#000000 size=3>&nbsp;</FONT></o:p></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>究&nbsp;&nbsp; 胳膊一辭應讀為﹙格膞﹚《集韻》各頟切、音﹙格﹚牲後頸骨。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>《儀禮.鄉飲酒禮》介俎脊脅胳肺﹝註﹞後頸骨二膊胳也。<SPAN lang=EN-US><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </SPAN></SPAN>故 胳膊 應讀為﹙格膊﹚。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT color=#000000 size=3>另述:</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; COLOR: blue; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體">覆蓋</SPAN><FONT color=#000000><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 16pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"> </SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3>之覆。<ST1<IMG . images smilies default tongue.gif? border="0" alt="<img src=" smilieid="7" />曾</ST1<IMG . images smilies default tongue.gif? border="0" alt="<img src=" smilieid="7" />博士 讀音為﹙福﹚亦謬。在此組辭中,應讀音為﹙副蓋﹚,涵蓋也。見《阿房宮賦》六王畢,四海一。築山兀,阿房出。覆壓三百餘里,隔離天日。驪山北叩而西折,直走咸陽……。其中覆壓一詞、及下列所引伸涵蓋之地域,便是覆蓋之意思。書中還在覆 字後、更刻意註明要讀去聲。讀﹙福﹚聲、乃入聲之第七聲。故證其誤。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></SPAN></FONT></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>此字亦有人謬讀去聲之﹙阜﹚音。如要讀﹙阜﹚音者,只釋義為伏兵也。《左傳.隱九年》君為三覆以待之。<SPAN lang=EN-US><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp; </SPAN><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>而翻查典據,有涵蓋之義者《廣韻》敷救切、音﹙副﹚,《說文》蓋也《詩大雅》鳥覆翼之《禮.檀弓》見若覆夏屋者矣。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>《後漢書.卷八十四.烈女傳.董祀妻傳》白骨不知誰,縱橫莫覆蓋。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>《樂府詩集.卷七十三.古辭.焦仲卿妻》枝枝相覆蓋,葉葉相交通。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>如讀﹙福﹚音者、其釋義為,反覆也、倒也、如顛覆、傾亡、敗也,又射覆也、回覆也、沉也、沒也等。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
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