Bestfd and you

 找回密碼
 申請加入
查看: 927|回復: 0

字正方言 之 「追溯」與「抨擊」

[複製鏈接]
獨醉書生 發表於 2008-6-14 00:30:33 | 顯示全部樓層 |閱讀模式
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體">追溯:</SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT color=#000000 size=3>有</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>教授將“溯”字讀音為﹙朔﹚。究在此辭彙應讀音為﹙素﹚。</FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>《集韻》蘇故切,音﹙素﹚,逆流而上也。後引伸為究本也,追認也。<SPAN lang=EN-US><?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" /><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>逆流而上。《文選、曹植、洛神賦》冀靈體之復形,御輕舟而上溯。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>往前推究。指依目前往過去的時間推算。《清、昭槤、嘯亭續錄、卷三、滿洲跳神儀合于禘祭》禘禮上溯遠祖,旁及毀廟,與今滿州所祀者,殊多相似。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>整頓本源,尋求源頭。比喻從根本上找尋原因。《清、戴震、孟子字義疏証、序》孔子既不得位,不能垂諸制度禮樂,是以為之正本溯源。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><o:p><FONT color=#000000 size=3>&nbsp;</FONT></o:p></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>又此字可讀色角切,音﹙朔﹚「玉篇」水也。<SPAN lang=EN-US><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </SPAN></SPAN>與“追溯”一辭釋義難通。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><o:p><FONT color=#000000 size=3>&nbsp;</FONT></o:p></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 18pt 0pt -9pt; TEXT-INDENT: 9pt; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 1.5gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: -.75gd; mso-char-indent-count: .75; tab-stops: 468.0pt 504.0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT color=#000000 size=3>叙述語中,有</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: blue; FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體">抨擊</SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>之“抨”字。教授指讀為﹙烹﹚,並引申《梁書、沈約傳》以佐,此有囫圇。查此字在<SPAN lang=EN-US><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </SPAN></SPAN>抨擊<SPAN lang=EN-US><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </SPAN></SPAN>一詞中,應讀音為﹙娉﹚、彈劾也、用言語或文字攻擊。《新唐書、陽嶠傳》其意不樂彈抨事。又可引伸為攻擊。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 18pt 0pt -9pt; TEXT-INDENT: 9pt; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 1.5gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: -.75gd; mso-char-indent-count: .75; tab-stops: 468.0pt 504.0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>而《梁書、沈約傳》讀音為﹙娉﹚,義解為 拍也、拂過也。「翅抨流而起沬,翼鼓浪而成珠」。教授是將音義張冠李戴?<SPAN lang=EN-US><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </SPAN><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</SPAN><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 18pt 0pt -9pt; TEXT-INDENT: 9pt; mso-para-margin-top: 0cm; mso-para-margin-right: 1.5gd; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: -.75gd; mso-char-indent-count: .75; tab-stops: 468.0pt 504.0pt"><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><FONT size=3><FONT color=#000000>如讀﹙烹﹚音。其義是 遣也、使也,《漢書、揚雄傳上》抨鴻鶴以作媒兮。便是有差遣之意。<SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></FONT></SPAN></P>
您需要登錄後才可以回帖 登錄 | 申請加入

本版積分規則

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

Copyright © 2001-2020, Tencent Cloud.

快速回復 返回頂部 返回列表